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How do compression socks work?

Venous insufficiency is a condition that affects the whole body. The most visible symptoms of this condition are unsightly varicose veins and swelling and pain in the legs. In such situations, the wearing of compression socks is recommended. How do they work? Let us explain!

What is the effect of varicose vein socks?

Venous insufficiency refers to dysfunctions of the vein valves that prevent the circulatory system from functioning properly. The result is a backlog of blood in the lower extremities, which causes discomfort and pain. One method of treatment is compression therapy using compression socks. Their function is to regulate blood flow through gentle pressure on the veins, allowing the valves to close properly. This improves circulation and prevents blood pooling and the appearance of varicose veins.

Who should wear compression socks?

Circulation problems are not always due to illness, but are often caused by overloading of the lower limbs. The condition can therefore affect even healthy people with an active lifestyle. Indications for wearing compression knee socks are:

  • Sitting for long periods of time,
  • Feeling pain and discomfort in the leg area,
  • Swelling of the lower limbs,
  • Varicose veins and spider veins,
  • Increased physical activity and participation in sports that put a strain on the legs,
  • Restricted movement due to work or long journeys,
  • Swelling of the legs due to pregnancy or being overweight.

Varicose vein socks are used as part of the prevention of venous disease. In many cases, they are also used as an adjunct to pharmacological treatment or after surgical procedures.

How to use women's and men's compression socks?

Compression stockings and knee socks can be worn by both men and women. It is important to be guided in your purchase by the compression class, with RAL class I causing the least amount of compression and being recommended for prophylaxis. Class II or III RAL should be opted for by those with venous insufficiency undergoing treatment or recovering from surgery.

Whether you need men's or women's compression socks, the principle of wearing them is the same. They should be put on first thing in the morning on rested legs and stretched evenly to knee level so that no creases form on the surface. They must be removed at night, but in some cases the doctor may recommend wearing them around the clock. Women's compression knee socks are available in neutral colours. This makes them very suitable for everyday styling.

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